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RESPOND TO (2) CLASSMATES (WK-4) (8-30-18)


 Crystal T.
Manage Discussion Entry: There are different theories when it comes to identity development, and Kohut believed, according to Lecci and Magnavita (2013), “That the mirroring process is, then the first step in the long journey of identity formation” (p. 80).  While Erikson believed that one’s cultural forces developed an individual’s identity and it is a sense of self-awareness. 
When looking at the personality and feelings of inferiority Alfred Alder believed that every individual has feelings of inferiority at times, but how you react shapes the person that you become.  Most individuals respond to the opinions of inferiority by developing skills to make them feel more useful and powerful.  When we look at complexes, Jung and Adler had different outlooks, for example, Adler believed a complex was a disturbing behavior pattern more in the social aspect.  To Jung, the term complex meant that there was an emotion-laden theme in the person’s background. 
Inferiority feelings start in childhood and continue to crop up now and then throughout an individual’s lifespan.  Usually, these feelings occur when someone criticizes you, does something better than you, hurts you, or gains an advantage over you.
Erich Fromm believed that one of the most fundamental premises was the necessity of love in higher states of individual awareness.  The relationship between the well being of one’s psyche and love is understood best as a corequisite.  Fromm believed that love was the highest expression an individual could possess and it is what made personality development possible.  Fromm thought that most people did not understand their need for love and get caught in cycles of unhappiness for the rest of their lives by playing shallow games and having meaningless relationships (De Chavez, 2015). 
When looking at similarities between love and inferiority one could say that both of these emotions help to shape your personality in a positive aspect, for instance when one shows love, they have better self-esteem and are socially more adequate.  When we look at inferiority, it can be positive, for it can make an individual try their hardest and become the best they can be.  In inferiority and love, an individual may not understand their needs with both concepts.  For instance, an individual may feel inferior to their life partner and may have false accusations of what love consists of.  An example could be an individual growing up in an abusive home where their father or mother was battered.  This individual may feel that this is “love,” therefore they tend to end up in relationships that are violent, either mentally or physically.  Thus, love and inferiority can have a massive impact on your personality and how you behave and let yourself be treated.

De Chavez, J. (2015). Reading Erich Fromm’s The Art of Loving, or Why Loving Means Giving Nothing. KRITIKE: An Online Journal Of Philosophy, 9(2), 143.
Fromm, E. (1957). The Authoritarian Personality. Deutsche Universitätszeitung, Band 12 (pp. 3-4) retrieved from .  (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Lecci, L.B. & Magnavita, J.J. (2013). Personality Theories: A Scientific Approach. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Reply Reply to Comment

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Breanna S.



Personifications are something that lets us understand ourselves and our world (Lecci & Magnavita, 2013). According to Sullivan, there are three personifications “the bad me”, “the good me” and “the not me” (Lecci & Magnavita, 2013).  Each of these personifications is something that we all have, we have the parts of us that stay hidden, the parts that we show to others and the parts that we do not think we are or are a part of us. An example is when I am meeting someone for the first time or am working. I show people the good me and keep the band and not be hidden. Where when I am with my boyfriend or family, I let all of my show, the good, the band and the ugly. I think that personifications are dependent not the situation and your feelings in the situation that you are in. I also think that these personifications can change depending on the situation. You might still be with your family, but a different one is what is showing through and that could be because of the situation that you are in.

Freud’s transference is when a person projects their personality or thoughts onto someone else (Lecci & Magnavita, 2013).  The similarities between Freud’s transference and Sullivan’s personifications is that two people are involved for there to be an exchange. For both ones is still projecting their personality of some kind onto another person. I think that personifications change our image of people because a person might show one personification ion when you initially meet them and then as the other ones come out or are shown to you, then there is a new side to the person that was unknown. 

Lecci, L.B. & Magnavita, J.J. (2013). Personality Theories: A Scientific Approach. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

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